Wireless Network for Linux at the University of Newcastle, Australia

The current configuration only uses PEAP authentication and WPA & WPA2 Enterprise security.

Preamble

The University of Newcastle does not officially support Linux (http://www.newcastle.edu.au/unit/it/wireless/Wireless_network_upgrade.pdf).

This document assumes you have some basic knowledge of Linux and that your wireless card works with non-encrypted and WPA encrypted networks. If your wireless card doesn't work start with the basics before you try this.

If you are looking for connection settings for Windows or Mac OS X then go here: http://www.newcastle.edu.au/unit/it/wireless/index.html.

GNOME Network Manager Applet

These instructions have been proven to work on Ubuntu Desktop 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope, Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron and Ubuntu Netbook Remix 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope, but should work for any distribution if you have the GNOME Network Manager installed.

Once you have entered these settings for the first time you will not need to enter them again and you will be automatically connected when you are in range of the wireless network while on campus.

Start and run your GNOME Network Manager applet in Ubuntu. It should automatically run at boot.

Find your network manager, it's normally located near the clock. Select newcastle.edu.au from the drop-down menu.

network Manager

A window should appear. Fill in the details as follows:

Ubuntu 12.04LTS

* Activate your wireless and select newcastle.edu.au from the available networks

* Under wireless security choose PEAP and MSCHAPv2

* Leave Anonymous Identity blank and fill in username and password. You do not need to put it in the format “UNCLE\c1234567” just put “c1234567” and your password as normal, substituting c1234567 for your student login or staff sign-in of course.

* Save and when prompted about the authority certificate, click ignore.

* In firefox go to Edit>Preferences>Advanced>Network>Connection>Settings and choose “Auto-detect proxy settings for this network” NOT “http://proxy.newcastle.edu.au/proxy.pac” . The reason for this is firefox wont pop up the authentication for outside internet sites if you do, so you will only be able to browse google and uni sites… Choose auto-detect.

* You're done! Save and restart firefox.

Ubuntu 9.04 and Newer Versions of Network Manager

9.04 settings

Of course replacing the cXXXXXXX with your student or staff ID that you use to login to the computers on campus, and enter your password. Click on Connect and you will be connected to the wireless network.

Ubuntu 8.04 and Older Versions of Network Manager

Settings

Of course replacing the cXXXXXXX with your student or staff ID that you use to login to the computers on campus, and enter your password. Click on Login to Network and you will be connected to the wireless network.

Note: Error in screenshot above. “Phase2 Type” should be MSCHAPv2

KDE KNetworkManager Applet

Kubuntu 8.04 or KDE 3.5 and Older Versions of KNetworkManager

These instructions have been proven to work on Kubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron, but should work for any distribution if you have the KNetworkManager installed.

Once you have entered these settings for the first time you will not need to enter them again and you will be automatically connected when you are in range of the wireless network while on campus.

Start and run your KNetworkManager. It should automatically run at boot. Find and left click on your network manager icon in the system tray, normally located near the clock. Select newcastle.edu.au from the pop-up menu.

Networks

A window should appear. Fill in the details as follows:

Settings

In the Encryption field choose WPA Enterprise and replace cXXXXXXX with your student or staff ID that you use to login to the computers on campus, and enter your password. Click on Connect and you will be connected to the wireless network.

Command Line wpa_supplicant

If you wish to configure your wireless card manually to connect to the Wifi then you need to write your own wpa_supplicant configuration file. An example that works with the new University wireless network is provided below

network={
  ssid="newcastle.edu.au"
  key_mgmt=WPA-EAP IEEE8021X
  pairwise=CCMP TKIP
  group=CCMP TKIP
  eap=PEAP
  identity="cXXXXXXX"
  password="YYYYYYY"
  phase1="peaplabel=0"
  phase2="auth=MSCHAPV2"
}

Replace the cXXXXXXX with your student or staff ID that you use to login to the computers on campus and the YYYYYYY with your password.

Xandros OS on Asus EeePC

Adapted from http://ventex.net.au/pipermail/login_ventex.net.au/2008-March/001293.html.

You need to reinstall wpa_supplicant and reinstall the drivers.

Follow the steps outlined here http://wiki.eeeuser.com/wpa_default_xandros until you get to Create a wpa_supplicant.conf_MINE for your secure network.

  • Create a wpa_supplicant.conf file in your etc folder, use the configuration file described above.

To set up the connection:

  • Launch Network Connections in Launch menu, or Start menu, under Control Centre if using Advanced mode. If in Standard mode (Easy mode), right click on the icon in the system tray. Click Create, which opens up a connection wizard.
  • Select Local Area Network and choose Wireless. Click Next.
  • Select the Hardware Device and choose Atheros Communications on the EeePC. Click Next.
  • Select Dynamic IP Address. Click Next.
  • In Network Name (SSID) enter newcastle.edu.au. Leave other settings as Auto. Click Next.
  • Choose Any for wireless channel. Click Next.
  • Enable encryption. Choose WPA. in Key enter 00000000 or any other 8 ASCII characters until you see WPA256 type in ASCII format printed in the Format row. Click Next.
  • Name the connection UoN. Click Next.
  • Click Finish.
  • When at an access site enable the wireless (Fn key + F2), right click on network symbol in system tray. Highlight UoN and choose Connect. It should connect to the wireless network in approximately 20-30 seconds.

Proxy and Access Control

Proxy

You can follow the Windows and Mac OS X instructions for most browsers.

Manual Proxy

proxy.newcastle.edu.au:8080

Or including your authentication details:

cXXXXXXX:password@proxy.newcastle.edu.au:8080

Where cXXXXXXX is your student or staff ID that you use to login to the computers on campus, and password is your password.

Automatic Proxy Configuration URL
Firefox

A useful tool for switching between proxy quick and easy is Foxy Proxy.

Foxy Proxy is able to automatically switch between proxy's by using your own *.pac file. http://foxyproxy.mozdev.org/faq.html#proxy-based-on-IP It's a pending feature for native support.

Gentoo

To emerge through a proxy you need to run this command:

  export http_proxy="http://cXXXXXXX:password@proxy.newcastle.edu.au:8080"

This will set the variable until you reset next.

If you also want to be able to use rsync you have to also run:

  export RSYNC_PROXY="http://cXXXXXXX:password@proxy.newcastle.edu.au:8080"
Arch Linux

To use pacman through a proxy you need to run this command:

  export ftp_proxy="http://cXXXXXXX:password@proxy.newcastle.edu.au:8080"

Working Laptops

Laptop model Wireless Card Driver OS
Toshiba Satellite Pro Intel ipw2200 Ubuntu 7.10
Asus Intel IWL4965 Gentoo
Asus Intel 3945 Archlinux
Acer Aspire Atheros madwifi Kubuntu 7.04
Acer TravelMate 4230 Intel iwl3945 Ubuntu 9.04
Compaq Presario Broadcom bcm43xx Ubuntu 7.10
Asus EeePC Atheros non factory madwifi Xandros
Asus EeePC 701 4G Atheros ath5k Ubuntu 9.04 & Ubuntu NBR 9.04
Dell D410 Broadcom b43-fwcutter (K)ubuntu 8.04+
Dell Inspiron 1525 Intel ?? Ubuntu 9.04, 9.10

Will my card work?

If you've tried the above and it doesn't work for you, check if your wireless card supports 802.1x connections.

Open a terminal and type in:

iwlist eth1 auth 

eth1 may changed depending on the card. Replace it with whatever comes up with most settings when you type iwconfig.

You will be looking for 802.1X and TKIP. If that does not appear then you will not be able to connect with your wireless card.

EduRoam

EduRoam is a international wireless network based at most university's see http://www.eduroam.org/ for more details

there are plenty of guides on the net on how to connect with linux.

Guides:

 
university_wireless.txt · Last modified: 2012/07/25 20:10 by 134.148.10.12
 
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